N173250 Darren Owens HSD3 NCRQ Assessment 1 FURTHER WORKPLACE HAZARDS DOCUMENT 1 Referencing style

N173250 Darren Owens HSD3
NCRQ Assessment 1 FURTHER WORKPLACE HAZARDS
DOCUMENT 1 Referencing style : Harvard Reference format 1
Define the word “Hazard” : Potential for Harm.

Define the Word “Risk” : Is the likelihood that harm will result in the situation or circumstance.

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Acute hazard; Something that is obvious and could have an immediate impact.

Chronic Hazard; Less obvious and less likely to have an immediate impact.

Hazards generally are placed into one of six groups
Physical Hazard – slips trips falls, unsafe plant or machinery, noise, working at height, asbestos.

Chemical Hazard – Chemicals, wood dust, fumes, liquids, and Gases.
Ergonomic Hazard – Manual handling, repetitive work process.

Radiation – Microwaves, infra-red, ultraviolet, X-rays.

Psychological – Shiftwork, dealing with the public, sexual harassment, discrimination,
Biological – Infection by bacteria, virus, contact with infected persons or contaminated object.

TASK 1: IDENTIFY ALL OF THE HAZARDS LIKELY TO BE PRESENT, IDENTIFY WHO MIGHT BE HARMED AND HOW
HAZARD WHO’S AT RISK HOW
ACCESS ; EGRESS TO FARM
CARPARK MOVING VEHICLES FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS RISK OF INJURY FROM MOVING PLANT/VEHICLES
CRUSH, IMPACT/UNGUARDED MOVING PARTS
FARM PLANT ; MACHINERY/STATIC MACHINERY FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS RISK OF INJURY FROM MOVING PLANT/VEHICLES
CRUSH, IMPACT/UNGUARDED MOVING PARTS
CHEMICALS/USE OF AND STORAGE FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS RISK OF INJURY FROM CHEMICALS, BURNS, TOXIC INHALATION, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE, DEATH/RESPIRATORY ILLNESS OR POISONING
LADDERS FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
WORKING AT HEIGHT/STAIR ACCESS TO SIDE OF BUILDING/FALLING FROM HEIGHT FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
STORAGE OF GAS BOTTLES FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS FIRE, EXPLOSION, ASPHYXIATION DUE TO ENRICHED ATMOSPHERE, TOXIC EFFECTS
PAINT SPRAYING (DSEAR) FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS EXPOSER TO PAINT AND THINNER CHEMICALS FROM AIR FEED SPRAY GUNS WHILST PAINTING IN THE GARAGE-CREATES A POSSIBLE EXPLOSIVE, FLAMMABLE ATMOSPHERE
HOUSE KEEPING FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS POOR HOUSE KEEPING CAN LEAD TO SLIPS TRIPS FALLS, RISK OF FALLING OBJECTS, INJURY FROM FIRE EXPLOSION
WORKING NEAR/UNDER ELECTRICAL POWER LINES FARMER/EMPLOYEES RISK OF OVERHEAD PLANT STRIKE WHILST MOVING UNDER OR USING BOOMS ETC NEAR OR WITHIN ARC DISTANCE
ASBESTOS REMOVAL FARMER/EMPLOYEES ASBESTOSIS FROM ASBESTOS INHALATION AND CONTACT LONG TERM CHRONIC ILLNESS CANCER DEATH
LOLER FARMER/EMPLOYEES INJURY FROM FAILING LIFTING EQUIPMENT
COMPRESSED AIR COMPRESSORS FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS INJURY DUE TO COMPRESSOR FAILURE, HOSE WHIPPING, FLYING OBJECTS, HIGH PRESSURE INJURY FROM INCORRECT USE
SLIPS TRIPS FALLS ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS SLIPS TRIPS FALLS DUE TO UNEVEN OR DAMAGED FLOORS OR TRAILING CABLES
240V TOOLS FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS RISK OF INJURY FROM EJECTED OBJECTS, ELECTROCUTION, CUTS, ABRASIONS, PUNCTURE WOUNDS
TRAILING ELECTRICAL CABLES FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS UNSEEN TRAILING CABLES FROM ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT IN WORKSHOPS OR TRAILING CABLES FROM MACHINERY AND WORKSHOP EQUIPMENT CAUSING SLIPS TRIPS FALLS
SLURRY PITS FARMER/EMPLOYEES DANGER OF INHALATION OF TOXIC FUMES ASPHYXIATION DEATH
CONFINED SPACES/GRAIN STORE FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
DAMAGED FLOORING ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
PUWER FARMER/EMPLOYEES INJURY / DEATH FROM FAILING WORK EQUIPMENT
TRAILER FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS VISITORS RIDING ON THE TRAILER RISK OF FALLING FROM TRAILER HAS NO SEATBELTS FITTED, RISK OF INJURY FROM MOVING PLANT/VEHICLES
CRUSH, IMPACT.

DIESEL STORAGE (NOT BUNDED) FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE FROM SPILLS, IRRITANT TO SKIN, CAN LEAD TO DERMATITIS IRRITANT TO EYES. TOXIC INHALATION
MOVING DIESEL/CHEMICALS INCORRECT STORAGE/PACKAGING FARMER/EMPLOYEES THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE FROM SPILLS, IRRITANT TO SKIN, CAN LEAD TO DERMATITIS IRRITANT TO EYES. BURNS, TOXIC DEATH
ELECTRICS IN POOR STANDARD ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS FIRE, EXPLOSION, ELECTROCUTION, DEATH, BURNS
FIRE REGS 2005 ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS FIRE, EXPLOSION, ELECTROCUTION, DEATH, BURNS
DANGER OF BURNS FROM HOT WATER ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS 2nd ; 3rd DEGREE BURNS FROM BOILING WATER, SCOLD TO SKIN
STORAGE OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS FIRE, EXPLOSION, ELECTROCUTION, DEATH, BURNS
WALL RUNG LADDER ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
OXY-ACETYLENE/STORAGE OF/USE OF ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS FIRE, EXPLOSION, ELECTROCUTION, DEATH, BURNS
LADDER ACCESS TO GRAIN STORE ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
STORAGE OF CHEMICALS ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS RISK OF INJURY FROM CHEMICALS, BURNS, TOXIC INHALATION, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE, DEATH
DISINFECTING TEATS OF COWS FARMER/EMPLOYEES RISK OF INJURY FROM CHEMICALS, BURNS, TOXIC INHALATION, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE.

FRAGILE ASBESTOS ROOFS FARMER/EMPLOYEES WORK AT HEIGHT MEANS WORK IN ANY PLACE WHERE, IF THERE WERE NO PRECAUTIONS IN PLACE, A PERSON COULD FALL A DISTANCE LIABLE TO CAUSE INJURY
FIRST AID BOX LOCATION ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS HOT WATER BURN FROM REACHING OVER WATER BOILER FOR FIRST AID KIT
MANUAL HANDLING FARMER/EMPLOYEES TWISTING TURNING BENDING OF THE BACK, RISK OF INJURY INCREASES DURING LIFTING, CARRYING, PUSHING, PULLING, AND IF THE LOAD IS TOO HEAVY OR UNBALANCED
PAINT SPRAYING NO PPE ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS EXPOSER TO PAINT AND THINNER CHEMICALS FROM AIR FEED SPRAY GUNS WHILST PAINTING IN THE GARAGE-CREATES A POSSIBLE EXPLOSIVE, FLAMMABLE ATMOSPHERE SKIN CONTACT CAN LEAD TO SKIN COMPLAINTS, EXPOSER TO INHALED SPRAY MIST CAN CAUSE BREATHING PROBLEMS
WELDING FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRIC SHOCK BURNS, ARC EYE
TOXIC FUMES
CLEANING MILKING EQUIPMENT FARMER/EMPLOYEES RISK OF INJURY FROM CHEMICALS, BURNS, TOXIC INHALATION, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
TRAILER RIDE FARMER/EMPLOYEES VISITORS RISK OF INJURY FROM FALLING FROM/OVERTURNING TRAILER CRUSH INJURY FALLS DEATH
WORKSHOP ACTIVITIES FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS INJURY FROM TOOLS PLANT FALLING OBJECTS/SLIPS TRIPS FALLS
STRAW/HAY NOT SUITABLY STACKED FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS FALL FROM HEIGHT BROKEN LIMBS SPRAINS DEATH
MANURE AND FAECAL SEEPAGE FARMER/EMPLOYEES ANYONE WHO MAY ACCESS THE AREA AS THERE IS NO RESTRICTION TO ACCESS E Coli 0157
FOOD REFRESHMENTS FARMER EMPLOYEES VISITORS FOOD POISONING, ILLNESS
LOST DISORIENTATED VISITORS VISITORS SLIPS TRIPS FALLS
TASK 2 ANALYSE THE HAZARDS
I have highlighted the following five hazards as I feel they pose the greatest hazards to Health and Safety on the premises, and I have taken into account the frequency of persons on the farm being exposed to these hazards and risks.

I have set them out in a list of priority
FIVE SIGNIFICANT HAZARDOUS ACTIVITIES
1/ WORKING AT HEIGHT
Due to the frequency of access to the grain store, storerooms and persons climbing the hay bales, accessing areas of height.

2/ CHEMICALS
Due to the current lack of management, storage and frequency of use and lack of control.

3/ FIRE
Due to the poor housekeeping, storage of potentially explosive materials and fuel sources.

4/ HOUSEKEEPING
Due to the poor housekeeping, storage and general waste materials
5/ ASBESTOS REMOVAL
Due to the removal of asbestos without the correct Medicals, PPE Training and disposal. And proposed further planned asbestos removal.

The farming industry represents approximately 1 % of the UK workforce but accounts for nearly 30% of reported injury’s and fatal injury’s each year. The most reported types of accidents involve, working at height, hazardous substances, fire, confined space accidents and plant machinery accidents. I have highlighted the 5 hazardous activities for this particular farm as there has been asbestos removal in the past and planned for future.

1/ WORKING AT HEIGHT
The Working at Height Regulations 2005 (WAHR) have no minimum height requirement for work at height. They include all work activities where there is a need to control a risk of falling a distance liable to cause personal injury.

Working at height means any work in a place where, if safety measures were not taken, a person could fall a distance liable to cause injury. You are working at height if you:
work above floor level
potential to fall from a defined edge, through an opening or fragile surface, skylight, or
could fall from ground level into an opening in a floor or a hole in the ground or into excavations and or open trenches.

Work at height does not include a slipping or tripping on the same level, as a fall from height must involve a fall from one level to a lower level, and does not include traversing up or down a permanent staircase.
Many areas of the farm and surrounding buildings have access points using ladders and outside stairways (with inadequate handrail / side protection) also areas of damaged, poorly maintained flooring, meaning persons can access areas that will define that they are at height, and if they were to fall could sustain serious injury. Unguarded unattended ladders and fixed access ladders present a danger to all persons on the site. Also allowing persons to climb on and over bails of straw and use a make shift swing would be deemed as being at height.
The risks in this instance are as follows
: Access to the storage area via a ladder that is built into the wall, then stepping across to access the storage door with no method of maintaining 3 points of contact, access is available to anyone unattended onsite. No method for checking the condition of the wall ladder, this needs to be secured by a ladder plank to prevent access and a safer alternative method of access needs to be established. Ideally any vertical ladders should have safety hoops and rest stages on vertical climbs.

: Access to the grain store is via climbing an iron ladder 2.5m tall passing between the grain bin and manoeuvring over and around a hole in the damaged floor, then climbing another wooden ladder, none of these ladders look fit for purpose and are obviously in poor unserviceable condition. The floor is damaged and unsafe not fit for purpose. access is available to anyone unattended onsite. The floor needs to be repaired to prevent persons falling through (falling from height) and the need to establish a safer access egress to the grain store needs immediate attention.
: Access to another storage building is via outside steppes that have a single unguarded handrail, small persons (children) unattended could fall between this gaps.

: Climbing over the large bails of straw and using the makeshift swing could mean persons falling from height.

: Access to the pig slurry pit, even though it has been fenced off it may be possible for a small person to access where the pipes has been fed through the fence, this would then expose persons to a pit with no edge protection, and possible exposure to toxic fumes.

: General access to areas that would expose persons to be “at height” can be found throughout the farm area.

: Access to these areas needs immediate attention to prevent unauthorised access.

2/ CHEMICALS
COSHH regulations 2002. These provide a framework to help protect people in the workplace against health risks from hazardous substances. The substances may be used directly in the workplace (e.g. cleaning chemicals) or may arise from the work.

Working in farming exposes persons to a number of chemicals on a regular basis, pesticides, fertilizers, disinfectants, careful management of chemicals and there storage should be a priority.

: The storage and management of the chemicals on site needs to be addressed. The chemicals in use are being stored and moved in unsuitable containers. Most of the chemicals are corrosive and hazardous to the environment and careful consideration needs to be taken into account for their management and storage.

: Chemicals pose a risk by different routes, inhalation, ingestion, and absorption, most chemicals stored on the farm are in a concentrated format, which increases the concentration of their toxicity. Chemicals are most dangerous in there concentrated form.

: All chemicals need to be kept locked away, their containers correctly labelled, handled and used by trained competent users, all controls recommended by the manufacture are followed, all equipment used for spraying milking etc are maintain in a safe working order. PPE is cleaned and stored correctly, ensure the safe disposal of empty containers, records of all chemicals stored are maintained and everyone is aware of the emergency procedures.

3/ FIRE
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 was introduced in October 2006, Fire and rescue authorities and other bodies (‘enforcing authorities’) have a duty to enforce fire safety in non-domestic premises.

: A thorough Fire Risk assessment is needed, also a major clean-up of waste and flammable materials which is currently being poorly stored and managed, adding to the increased risk of fire.
: Due to the poor condition of certain electrical fixtures and fittings there is an increased risk of fire, a major review of the electrical installations needs to occur.

: The use of thinners and paint spray in the garage, then using a heater to accelerate the drying time of the paint spraying exposes the users to explosive atmospheres. Even though the garage is well ventilated there are no means of ensures all volatile fumes have been exhausted from the garage area.

4/ HOUSEKEEPING
Due to the poor general housekeeping in certain parts of the farm, especially storage areas, workshops and the garage, there is an increased risk of slips trips falls, Fire, and injury to all persons on the premises.

5/ ASBESTOS REMOVAL (Non-licenced asbestos removal)
Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012. The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012 came into force on 6 April 2012, updating previous asbestos regulations to take account of the European Commission’s view that the UK had not fully implemented the EU Directive on exposure to asbestos (Directive 2009/148/EC).

: The farmer has reroofed a barn/building which contained ACM’s (Asbestos Containing Materials) He stated that they didn’t use PPE weren’t trained, no face fit tests, no medicals .

: Minimum requirement to remove Asbestos containing materials (non-licenced)(After a Asbestos Survey) complete 1 day training in Asbestos awareness, complete 1 days training in removal of ACM (non-licenced)(Training delivered by a recognised training body i.e. UKATA) medicals by HSE approved practitioner, face fit test for appropriate PPE, correct disposal of ACM
TASK 5
I have highlighted these 5 issues as they present some of the higher end hazards on the farm, but can also be rectified quickly and with little impact on the running of the farm on a day to day basis.
1/ WORKING AT HEIGHT
Immediate assessment of all areas where working at or accessing height occurs. Prevent unauthorised access to these areas, assessment, repair and replacement of damaged flooring, assess the conditions of all ladders and replace with class 1 industrial ladders which are secured top and bottom. Plan to replace the access ladders and access to height with permanent staircases or alternative access routes. Signage identifying areas of restricted access, ensuring access can be prevented by locking enter points, and briefing visitors and staff to these restricted areas. Maintenance inspection of all ladders. Short term costings for this process repairing to the flooring dependant on amount of damage could be carried out in house, with just the cost of the flooring. Replacement of ladders average cost of a 10 step class 1 ladder £ 130.00. costings for signage throughout the farm (professional signage company) £300.00 (10 x signs of various design) plus amount of hours by the inhouse employees carrying out any of the works.

2/ CHEMICALS
All chemicals to be identified through the manufactures MSDS (available free from manufactures website) the chemicals need to be segregated and stored in a well ventilated secure room with a inventory of what’s stored and an issue / receipt process introduced. Training to all employees in the use of and what to do if spills or accidents occur. This information is available from the MSDS. Training in the correct use of PPE whilst using these chemicals and how unused chemicals are managed and disposed of. Regular checks on the storage area and the condition of the receptacles holding the chemicals. Costing would depend on identifying a secure suitable building, employee man hours, signage. All chemicals on site to be stored in a dry well ventilated clean secure room. The room will need to be signposted as a chemical store, all the chemicals will need to be stored as product by product, labelled in sealable containers and a stock list of what is stored created. Suitable spillage equipment and fire fighting equipment needs to also be readily available. All employees will need training in chemical spill clean-up process and what to do in the event of a fire. Inform the local fire brigade of what chemicals are stored on site. Alternatively hold no chemicals on site and only order the amounts required to be delivered when needed, that would be used immediately, this is called the “just in time” system it does take man hours to set up but once in place the need to store chemicals in any volumes would be removed. Setting up is a simple as arranging with your supplier the chemical and amounts required to be delivered “just before you need them, this prevents any long term storage issues. However any unused or left overs will have to be managed as stated.

3/ FIRE
4/ HOUSEKEEPING
5/ ASBESTOS REMOVAL