Charles Robert Darwin (February 12, 1809 – April 19, 1882) 1 British biologist, founder of evolutionism . Who ride the Beagle ship made a five-year voyage around the world over, to move plants and geological structure a lot of observing and gathering. Published “the origin of species “, put forward the doctrine of biological evolution, thus destroying all kinds of idealistic theology and species invariance. In addition to biology , his theory can not ignore the development of anthropology, psychology and philosophy. Engels listed “evolutionism” as one of the three major discoveries of natural sciences in the nineteenth century (the other two are the laws of cell theory and the law of conservation of energy), which have made outstanding contributions to mankind.